These portraits are mainly of lower middle class Chinese and farmers with large acreage leases. Workers and market gardeners with small holdings were refused re-entry as part of the culling process. Certificates of Domicile, the initial federation immigration restriction permits, issued from 1902 until 6.4.1904, list important details such as street names and assets e.g. value of acreage under lease. For these details visit www.naa.gov.au using the NAA reference provided here. 

 Rejected applications for Certificates of Domicile 

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